In recent decades, large amounts of time and money have been put into the development, testing, and implementation of eHealth for a wide range of health problems, including mental health. Nevertheless, very few eHealth interventions make it into routine care and those that do, take many years to get there. ImpleMentAll aims to provide an evidence-based answer to this problem through the development, application, and evaluation of tailored implementation strategies within ongoing eHealth implementation initiatives (Internet-based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (iCBT)) in the EU and beyond.
Currently, various iCBT implementation processes are conducted across the world and ImpleMentAll will use this “natural laboratory” to develop, test, and evaluate a toolkit for tailored implementation strategies to determine whether this can make the process of implementation more efficient. Specifically, ImpleMentAll will develop, validate, and deliver a generic Integrated Theory-based Framework for Intervention Tailoring Strategies (ItFits-toolkit) that enables more efficient implementation of evidence-based clinical services in routine healthcare. The ItFits-toolkit will provide the methods and contents for the development of tailored implementation strategies for normalising innovations in local routine healthcare settings. The effectiveness of those tailored implementation strategies will be tested in ongoing practice and projects scaling up throughout Europe. The ItFits-toolkit will enable data-driven evaluation of implementation projects in terms of key performance indicators for process, effectiveness, and efficiency outcomes, allowing us to determine if tailored implementation strategies can make the process of implementation more efficient.