The Federal Ministry of Health in Ethiopia has recently issued a Mental Health Strategy that aims to develop mental health services that are "decentralized and integrated at the primary health care level". This is in line with the WHO Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP), which aims to scale up care for people suffering from mental, neurological and substance use (MNS) disorders.
The Proof of Concept phase of the mhGAP programme in Ethiopia seeks to establish the feasibility and develop the mechanisms of mhGAP in the country. The project was devised to use existing infrastructure, involving all levels of formal health care, from the primary to the tertiary level. Task shifting was the main strategy.